computing history

before 1960
1961-1965 1966-1970 1971-1975 1976-1980 1981-1984 1985-1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

1985 - 1989

1985

Microsoft announces Excel for the Mac.

1985

Aldus introduces the first Page Maker for 512 Kb Mac.

1985

Ansa introduces Paradox later to be bought by Borland.

1985

Microsoft ships Windows 1.0

1985

Operating Systems market :
CP/M = 46%
DOS = 31%
UNIX / XENIX = 6%
and others = 17%.

1985

IBM, Toshiba, NEC, Fujitsu, Hitachi and Mitsubishi all report 1 Mb DRAM chips.

1985

Steven Jobs resigns from Apple.

1985

IBM introduced its Taken Ring network.

1985

Intel announces the 386 microprocessor. It's a fully 32-bit architecture and can address 4 Gb of physical memory and can access Virtual Memory.

1985

Toshiba introduced the fantastically successful T1100 laptop computer.

1985

A group of industry leaders including Microsoft meet to set out a standard for CD-ROM.

1985

Cray-2 supercomputer is build.

1985

There are nearly 60 disk driver manufacturers in the market.

1986

MS-DOS ver. 3.2 in April. Supports PC convertible, 3.5" floppies (720 Kb) and enhanced keyboards.

1986

Microsoft introduces Works for Mac.

1986

IBM releases a Unix version called AIX.

1986

More than 1100 applications runs on Unix based systems.

1986

IBM released IBM PC-AT 339 series based on 8 MHz Intel 80286 processor. It comes with 30 Mb Hard Drive. The AT 339 will become the most popular IBM made personal computer ever and one of the most reliable.

1986

Commodore introduced its Amiga series of microcomputers with very good graphics, sound and video capabilities. Amiga comes with 16- and 32-bit versions, Motorola 68000 processor and a multitasking operating system called Amiga DOS.

1986

Toshiba developed first Liquid- Crystal Display (LCD), an active matrix, 8 colours, 640 x 480 pixels, 10" diagonal.

1986

The first computer-expo at Hanovra CeBit with 2142 stands from over 60 countries. CeBit remains the world's biggest computer show of the year.

1986

The first SIMM (Single In Line Memory Module) card was introduced. One of the first cards produced by NEC Electronics come in 5 configurations : 256 Kb by 4, 5, 8 or by 9-bits and 1 Mb by 1-bit. Access time 120 ns and 150 ns.

1986

Thinking Machine Corp. introduced a new Supercomputer called Connection Machine. It was a parallel computer containing more than 65000 individual processors with 4096 bits cash. It costs 3 mil. U$; A shorter version with 16384 processors cost 1 million.

1986

The little known Advanced Logic Research announces the first 386 PC: Access 386.

1986

America Online (AOL), a commercial information service is launched in US. By 1996 it had more than 5 million users worldwide.

1986

Hewlett-Packard launched its first 32-bit PA-RISC processor.

1986

16% of the US households have a computer.

1987

Lotus announces 1-2-3 release 3.0

1987

Borland acquire Ansa Software and gets Paradox.

1987

Microsoft announces Excel for the PC, the first real Windows application.

1987

Borland introduces Quattro.

1987

Claris software is formed after splitting from Apple.

1987

Microsoft, Aldus Corp., DEST Corp. and Datacopy Corp. (the latest two manufactured scanners) adopted TIFF standard.

1987

MS-DOS ver. 3.3 (August) will become the most popular version of DOS. It supports IBM PS/2 computers and 3.5" (1.44 Mb) floppy disk drives.

1987

Microsoft ships Windows version 2.01 featured an internal communications protocol called Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE)

1987 Brain, the first computer virus, is released. It infects the boot sector of 360KB floppy disks and uses stealth techniques to leave the computer unaware ot it.

1987

Turbo Pascal 4 is released.

1987

Director Comp. and Authorware Professional merged to produce a powerful company called Macromedia, specialized in authoring and multimedia software.

1987

IBM introduced its PS/2 series of personal computers with MCA architecture. The first models, Model 50 and Model 60, used Intel 80286 processor and PS/2 Model 70 was the first based on Intel 80386 and DOS 3.3 OS. They have a IBM graphic display 8514/A.

1987

IBM introduces the VGA (Video Graphics Array) with PS/2 computers. It will became the new standard for the graphic computers.

1987

In March Apple's Macintosh II introduces easy Plug-and-Play expansion.

1987

10,000 hosts on Internet.

1987

Western Digital introduces the IDE Disk Drive which will became the standard for the next 7 years.

1987

Adobe introduces Adobe Illustrator a software designed for professional graphics designers.

1987

18% of the US households have a computer.

1988

Asthon-Tate ships dBASE IV

1988

IBM and Microsoft ship OS/2 1.1 with Presentation Manager. Requires a minimum 286 microprocessor, 4 Mb RAM and 8 Mb space on Hard Disk.

1988

IBM released AIX/370. Will be on the market in 1990.

1988

Microsoft began working on a network operating system called NT (New Technology)

1988

MS-DOS ver. 4.0 (August) introduces DOS shell, large Hard Disk partitions with up to 512 Mb.

1988

Gateway were the first computers manufacturer which introduce EGA colour monitors as standard on all systems.

1988

Maxtor introduced the first magneto-optical rewritable disk drive.

1988

Intel ships the 386SX microprocessor, a slowdown version of DX.

1988

VESA (Video Electronic Standard Association) promoted Super VGA graphic cards.

1988

The EISA 32-bit bus is announced.

1988

CD-R defined by Orange Book specification, developed by Sony and Philips.

1988

Sun Microsystems specified SPARC (Scalable Processor ARChitecture) one of the early RISC technology.

1988 The first antivirus software is released by an Indonesian programmer.

1988

Internet consists of more than 60,000 computers.

1988

Cray Y-MP supercomputer is build.

1988

20% of the US households have a computer.

1989

Lotus ships its 1-2-3 rel 3.0 with 3-D graphics capabilities.

1989

Borland unveils Paradox 3.0

1989

Adobe announces Adobe Type Manager

1989

Novell unveils NetWare 386

1989

IBM and Microsoft announces OS/2 1.2

1989 IBM releases the first commercial antivirus product. Intensive antivirus research commences.

1989

Borland announces Turbo Pascal 5.5 with object-oriented extension.

1989

Microsoft ships Excel for OS/2, the first OS/2 spreadsheet program.

1989

C++ 2.0 appears.

1989

More than 3,000 applications run on Unix based systems, over 1 mil. Unix installations (18% of the market)

1989

IBM introduced in February the first RISC System / 6000 series of workstations.

1989

Intel ships its first superscalar RISC processor i860. It also announce the i486.

1989

Compaq introduces the first non-interlaced monitor.

1989

Kodak Company enter in CD-R industry producing CD-R media.

1989

Intel ships in August the new processor Intel 80486.

1989

Mouse devices sales this year totaled 3.2 mil. units in US and 5.5 mil. units worldwide.

1989

Corel Corporation established in Canada in November.

1989

Cray-3 supercomputer is build.

1989 Over 100,000 Internet hosts.

1989

21% of the US households have a computer.

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©; 2000-2003, Marian Bozdoc, Auckland, NZ