computing history

before 1960
1961-1965 1966-1970 1971-1975 1976-1980 1981-1984 1985-1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

1991

In February Texas Instruments announced the world's fastest 32-bit floating point digital signal processor (DSP) which can deliver a peak performance of 40 million floating point operations per second (MFLOP)

Borland purchased dBase and Interbase software products from Asthon Tate.

In 1967 there were over a dozen languages in use; Ten years later only 13 survived and were still in use; In 1991 only 6 of these were in use : FORTRAN, COBOL, Lisp, APL, Snobol and BASIC.

Borland's Turbo Pascal for Windows, a Object Oriented programming tool.

MS-DOS ver. 5.0 (July) provides a new Shell, extended memory use, support for 2.88 Mb Floppy disk drives.

Microsoft Windows version 3.11 appears. By end of 1994 it will sell 50 million copies worldwide. Requires 4 Mb RAM and 6 Mb space on Hard Disk.

Microsoft ships Visual BASIC a Windows' development tool.

Starting with MS-DOS 5.0, Microsoft ships QBasic, an interpreter only version of Quick BASIC.

Microsoft's Multimedia PC standard In October, that brings multimedia capabilities to PCs. One of the first CD-ROM multimedia package was Microsoft Bookshell 1991 which includes dictionaries, Columbia Encyclopedia, the 1991 World Almanac, Atlas, etc.

Microsoft delivers VidCap and VidEdit, the first capture and editing tools for PC supplied with Video for Windows.

Gopher servers were developed to allow easiest access to Internet. It consists of a browser and a data transfer protocol.

Linus Torvalds, a student from Helsinki, begins writing Linux, an operating system for PCs based on Unix.

World Wide Web program was released for the Internet by Berners-Lee in Switzerland. WWW is a hypertext system for publishing information on the Internet. At the same time he develops the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and the Universal Resource Locator (URL).

Line Mode Browser is the first browser software used in Web. It is limited to character representation of information.

IBM, Motorola and Apple developed Power PC processor.

TDK Corp. entered in CD-R industry as one of the original manufactures of CD-R media.

Acer designed the world's first single-chip CPU, called ChipUp.

IBM developed XGA (Extended Graphic Array) standard.

At the beginning of the year only 9% of companies have experienced a virus outbreak. By the end of the year, that figure has leaped to 63%

25% of the US households have a computer.

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©; 2000-2003, Marian Bozdoc, Auckland, NZ