computing history

before 1960
1961-1965 1966-1970 1971-1975 1976-1980 1981-1984 1985-1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999  2000

1992

In April OS/2 version 2.0 from IBM. Requires 8 Mb RAM, 30 Mb Hard Disk space, runs on 386 machines. It's a 32-bit OS.

Linus Torvalds written Linux operating system which is distributed freely.

DEC's Alpha 21064 is the world's first 64-bit, super-pipelined, superscalar RISC processor. It offers 400 MIPS, 128-bit data bus, 34-bit address bus and can address 16 Gb memory.

The IBM PC Company becomes a separate operating subsidary of IBM.

HP's Laser Jet is the first printer to reach 600x600 DPI resolution.

The new standard for radiation of monitors called TCO.

1 million hosts on Internet. IP multicast first implemented.

Intel 486 DX2 processor features double clock speed internally. 486 DX2 at 66 MHz will become one of the best sellers systems configuration for PC market.

Intel develops a new motherboard bus called PCI (Peripheral Components Intercommunication)

Leading Software companies worldwide (1992):
1. Microsoft 18.8%,
2. Computer Associates Intl. 10.2%,
3. Oracle Corp. 7.6%,
4. Finsiel SpA 6.9%,
5. Novell Inc. 5.7%.

Unix based Operating Systems share market (1992):
1. Solaris 1.2 24%,
2. SCO Unix (multiple versions) 18%,
3. HP/UX 10%,
4. AIX 7%,
5. Ultrix 7%.

PC Operating Systems market worldwide (1992):
1. DOS 52%,
2. Windows 31%,
3. Macintosh 10%,
4. OS/2 6%,
5. PC/Unix 1%.

Worldwide in use: 141 million microcomputers (137 million personal computers and ~ 4 million workstations), 6 million minicomputers, 50 000 mainframes included ~ 1000 supercomputers.

Global Supercomputers market:
1. Cray Research 35.3%,
2. IBM 14.4%,
3. Fujitsu 14.3%,
4. Convex 8.9%,
5. NEC 7.3%,
6. Intel 5.1%,
7. Thinking Machines 4.8%,
8. Hitachi 2.5%.

Global Workstations market:
1. Sun Microsystems 32.9%,
2. Hewlett Packard 18.1%,
3. DEC 9.9%,
4. IBM 9.9%,
5. Silicon Graphics 8.6%.

Leading PC makers worldwide:
1. IBM 21.5%,
2. Apple 15.2%,
3. Compaq 11.5%,
4. NEC 11.2 %,
5. Fujitsu 7.4%.

27% of the US households have a computer.

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©; 2000-2003, Marian Bozdoc, Auckland, NZ